Fleming, T. H. and J. Nassar. Population biology of the lesser long-nosed bat Leptonycteris curasoae in Mexico and northern South America. Pp. – . Learn more about the Southern long-nosed bat – with amazing Southern long- nosed bat photos and facts on Arkive. Mol Ecol. Jun;5(3) Migration and evolution of lesser long-nosed bats Leptonycteris curasoae, inferred from mitochondrial DNA. Wilkinson GS(1).

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Breeding takes place between November and December, and births in May. Tomes’s sword-nosed bat L.

Instead, their foraging activities and migratory movements are much more tightly associated with habitats and locations occupied by their food leptnycteris.

Originally described as a subspecies of the greater long-nosed bat, [2] it was later considered a subspecies of the southern long-nosed batbefore being confirmed as a distinct species. Cjrasoae long-tongued bat X. Erophylla Brown flower bat E. Ventral surface is slightly paler. Lower incisors may appear absent because of wear or they may be entirely lost Fig.

Rural residents have also mistaken these large-bodied bats for vampire bats and their caves have been targeted for destruction.

In addition to wide wingspans, large wing areas, low aspect ratios, and high wing loading Norberg and RaynerL. The name Leptonycteris is from the Greek leptosmeaning slender, and nycterismeaning bat, in reference to the slender rostrum of this genus Hensley and Wilkins Southern long-nosed bat Leptonycteris curasoae. Unlike migrant insectivores or carnivoreswhose food supplies tend to be relatively uniformly distributed cuurasoae habitats, but are cryptic to evade predatorsmigrant nectarivores and frugivores depend on a food supply nectar, pollen, and fruit that “wants to be found.


Jamaican fig-eating bat A. Measurements mean and range, in mm for L. Identical haplotypes in L.

Dense stands of organ pipe cactus in Coastal Thornscrub are important feeding areas for nectar-feeding bats on their northward migration. Safe roost sites include caves and mines that provide protection from predators and human disturbance and that have acceptable microclimates.

A temporary, arid or semiarid, dispersal corridor linking Mexico and northern South America during at least 1 Pleistocene glacial advance explains the range of L.

Adult lesser long-nosed bats are yellow-brown or grey above, with rusty brown fur below. Lonchorhina sword-nosed bats Tomes’s sword-nosed bat L. At some times of the year, many colonies become occupied only by nursing females and their young, with males occupying smaller temporary roosts. Southern long-nosed bat L.

Insular single leaf bat M. This variation probably reflects geographic variation in the availability of cactus flowers, which bloom along the Pacific Coast of Mexico in a curaxoae progression Valiente-Banuet et al. Brosset’s big-eared bat M.

Yellow-throated big-eared bat L. However, interspecific competition is low because L. Leptonycteris curasoae lives in semiarid and arid habitats subject to annual fluctuations in temperature, rainfall, or both. Phyllostomidae in northern Venezuela”.

Southern long-nosed bat videos, photos and facts – Leptonycteris curasoae | Arkive

Leptonycteris curasoae plays an important role in the pollination of Cactaceae and Agavaceae and in the dispersal of cactus seeds Nassar et al. Females during lactation ingest more curadoae and fruits to help supply nutritional i.


The distribution of columnar cacti may have influenced the evolution of L. Phyllostomidae in northern Venezuela. Least big-eared bat N.

Upper incisors are equally spaced in L. Thermal ecology of moustached and ghost-faced bats Mormoopidae in Venezuela. Columnar cacti are critical for the survival and reproduction of L. Views Read Edit View history. Adult pelage of L. Godman’s long-tailed bat C. Leptonycteris curasoae hangs from its large claws when resting. However, little is known about the locations and vulnerability of transient roosts used by lesser long-nosed bats during migration.

Antillean fruit-eating bat B. Desmodus Common vampire bat D. Subfamily Stenodermatinae Ametrida Little white-shouldered bat A.

Lesser long-nosed bat

Yellow-throated big-eared bat L. American Journal of Botany. Little white-shouldered bat A. The species is thought to have arisen aroundyears ago, separating from the lesser long-nosed bats when they dispersed along a temporary corridor of semi-arid habitat connecting Mexico and South America.

Fortunately, the mating cave in Jalisco and several of the major maternity roosts in the Sonoran Desert occur on federally protected lands in Mexico and the United States. Greatest skull length is Pale spear-nosed bat P. They are highly gregarious, with colonies numbering in the thousands of individuals. Mexican long-tongued bat C.