The Arthashastra is the title of a handbook for running an empire, written by Kautilya (also known as Chanakya, c. BCE) an Indian. Arthashastra, the treatise on Economic Administration was written by Kautilya in the 4th century before Christ. It consists of 15 chapter, Shlokas and INTRODUCTION PURUSHARTAS MEANING OF ARTHA MEANING OF ARTHASHASTRA KAUTILYA ROLE OF ARTHASHASTRA IN.

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The Arthashastra dedicates Topics 30 through 47 discussing the role of government in setting up mines and factories, [79] gold and precious stone workshops, [80] commodities, [81] forest produce, [82] armory, [83] standards for balances and weight measures, [84] standards for length and time measures, [84] customs, [85] agriculture, [86] liquor, [86] abattoirs and courtesans, [87] shipping, [88] domesticated animals such as cattle, horses and elephants along with animal welfare when they are injured or too old, [89] pasture land, [90] military preparedness [91] and intelligence gathering operations of the state.

Seeing India through Brazilian eyes Book review: A notable structure of the treatise is that while all chapters are primarily prose, each transitions into a poetic verse towards its end, as a marker, a style that is found in many ancient Hindu Sanskrit texts where the changing poetic meter or style of writing is used as a syntax code to silently signal that the chapter or section is ending.

The text, states Sihag, is a treatise on how a state should pursue economic development and it emphasized “proper measurement of economic performance”, and “the role of ethics, considering ethical values as the glue which binds society and promotes economic arthashasta. There is no question, states Trautmann, that people had a kkautilya to buy and sell land.

India and Its Armies.

The Arthashastra – A Treatise on Statecraft and Military Strategy

In the presence of governance, the weak resists the strong. From hearing sruti ensues knowledge; from knowledge, application yoga is possible; and from application, self-possession atmavatta is possible. Kautilya belonged to the Magadh State, which corresponds to present day South Bihar. A person feels stress when his mind rules over his intellect. The Arthashastra, in TopicBook 7 lists the causes of disaffection, lack of motivation and increase in economic distress among people.


This translation is from Weber: Political science political scientists. On the domestic front, Kautilya’s insistence on clear and just laws that must be backed by force are reminiscent of Hobbes, who warned of the perils of internal anarchy and strife. Kautilya said that good governance and stability go hand in hand. In this context, Boesche’s concise introductory book on Kautilya also called Chanakyaa famous Indian strategist, is a most welcome contribution.

About The Author Ayushmaan Chakraborty. Retrieved 18 October When passion is roused in them, they should start quarrels by creating belief about their love in one and by going to another. With respect to taxes on agriculture, avoid extremes of either complete absence of taxes or exorbitant taxation. Chronology of Hindu texts. April 16, Views Read Edit View history. The fourth state that the Vedas talk about is Moha delusion ; but Kautilya lays stress on pride in a man that relates to arrogance as the fourth seducible element.

Join The Discussion Cancel reply. In the absence of fruitful economic activity, both current prosperity and future growth are in danger of destruction. In topic 35, the text recommends that the “Superintendent of Forest Produce” appointed by the state for each forest zone be responsible for maintaining the health of the forest, protecting forests to assist wildlife such as elephants hastivanabut also producing forest products to satisfy economic needs, products such as Teak, Palmyra, Mimosa, Sissu, Kauki, Sirisha, Catechu, Latifolia, Arjuna, Tilaka, Tinisa, Sal, Robesta, Pinus, Somavalka, Dhava, Birch, bamboo, hemp, Balbaja used for ropesMunja, fodder, firewood, bulbous roots and fruits for medicine, flowers.

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Kautilya, The Machiavelli of India – Education Today News

However, if she marries a man her father arranges or approves of, she has the right to take the ornaments with her. However, adds Trautmann, this does not mean that Kautilya was advocating a capitalistic free market economy.


Kautilya himself, on the other hand, derided superstition and the belief of fate and professed only to believe in science.

It summaryy stated that training imparted discipline. This article is the first in a series of articles which will deal the Arthashastra and what it has to say about statecraft and military strategy although the Arthashastra contains information on the administration of the state and economy.

The Illusion of Destiny”Amartya Sen often used Ashoka’s example to argue that human rights and religious tolerance were not a Western invention.

Winning over Seducible and Non-Seducible parties in enemy territory. Governance – Role Of Ethics. lautilya

The Arthashastra Summary – A Treatise on Statecraft and Military Strategy

Part of a series on. Truly radical “Machiavellianism”, in the popular sense of that word, is classically expressed in Indian literature in the Arthashastra of Kautilya written long before the birth of Christ, ostensibly in the time of Chandragupta: The goals of the secret service, in Arthashastra, was to test kautiya integrity of government officials, spy on cartels and population for conspiracy, to monitor hostile kingdoms suspected of preparing for war or in war against the state, to check spying and propaganda wars by hostile states, to destabilize enemy states, to get rid of troublesome powerful people who could not be challenged openly.

Vishnugupt’s better known as Kautilya, or Chanakya c.

Agriculture on privately owned land was taxed at the rate of Magadh was then the biggest state in India. When everything fails, resort to military force.