Irvingia is a genus of African and Southeast Asian trees in the family Irvingiaceae, sometimes known by the common names wild mango, African mango, bush. Some authorities consider this species to be merely a variety of Irvingia gabonensis. Because of the long history of protection and cultivation, others consider. Irvingia wombolu. Irvingiaceae. Vermoesen. LOCAL NAMES. English (bitter bush mango). BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Irvingia wombolu is a tree to m tall.

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Preparations from the bark are rubbed on to the body to relieve pains and are applied to sores and wounds and against toothache. The composition of carbohydrates and proteins in the seeds of Irvingia gabonensis, Cucumeropsis manii and mucuna sloanei from Nigeria.

Cambridge University Press, Retrieved from ” https: Harvesting or collections in the forests are activities of women and children. Irvingia is a genus of African and Southeast Asian trees in the family Irvingiaceaesometimes known by the common names wild mangoAfrican mangobush mangodika or ogbono.

The timber is durable and fairly resistant to termites, but susceptible to powder-post beetles and marine borers. Potentials of some indigenous fruit trees of Nigeria. It is hardy to zone UK Be these as they may, the need for the establishment of pure commercial plantations will help and ensure sustainable production of Irvingia in Nigeria, through, at the reduction of the pressure on the natural forest as population and external demand grow.

Irvingia wombolu Bitter bush-mango PFAF Plant Database

Non-wood forest products of Central Africa: Other uses of this socio-economically important fruit crop Agbor are shown on table 2. It dresses to a smooth finish and glues well. These non-timber forest resources are sourced through seasonal extraction from the forests. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Trade in ogbono to EEC countries and to the USA continues to grow with results obtained in airports, through where they are transported out.


Irvingia wombolu Plate Food gathered and hunted in the wild are important, and they will continue to be important in the diet of may forest or farming families in Nigeria Ladipo We are currently updating this section.

African Plants

Irvingia wombolu Nutrient content of Irvingia kernels A leaf extract is used as a febrifuge[ ]. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. The residue obtained after separation from the fat is suitable for processing in the food industry. Sometimes women place a tin below the grid on which the dika cake is stored, to collect irvigia oil that drips from it[ ].

Irvingia is well know amongst all the sourthern tribes, but its use as food edible fruit and soup thickener has become accepted all over Nigeria, and amongst even tribes that have never seen the tree.

Seeds, also called dika nuts, are eaten raw or roasted. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. As it is solid at ambient temperatures it has been used as a substitute for cocoa butter and for soap-making. It is adapted to a wider rainfall range than other Irvingia spp.

Journal of Agricultural Extension

He reported that Irvingia is an important oilseed, and a very nutritious irvingiq too. The nutritive value of the kernels per g edible portion is: This country’s dense population and its relatively enhanced economic development has resulted in vast increase in demand for food.


Rome pp — The Igbo people use a leaf extract as a febrifuge. Irvingia wombolu Figure 7.

For more information about QR Codes click here. Fruit an ellipsoid drupe, slightly laterally compressed, 4.

Irvingia wombolu is a TREE growing to 20 m 65ft by 20 m 65ft at a slow rate. Their high content of mucilage enables them to be used as thickening agents for dishes such as ogbono soup. We need to remind ourselves here that the various non-timber forest resources NTFPs which are being addressed today were sustainally extracted from the irvimgia by farmers in the past, when population was not as high as it is today.

Dead branches are used as firewood. Recent estimates give as the total figure including those newly described for medicinal uses and sources of irvinvia colours.

A clonal approach aimed at cultivar development has been adopted.

African Plants – A Photo Guide – Irvingia wombolu Vermoesen

Bitter bush womboku, dry season bush mango En. Eggs are laid between the testa and cotyledons of the seed or in cracks in the cotyledons.

Oil is extracted by boiling the ground kernels and scooping off the oil. Irvingia was described as a genus in Further, it yields edible oil used in cooking. C and Okolo H.