Inventing Europe: idea, identity, reality. Front Cover. Gerard Delanty. Macmillan, – History – Bibliographic information. QR code for Inventing Europe. I{ETlllNKlNC IRTSH HISTORy (with patrick O’Mahony). Inventing Europe. Idea, Identity, Reality. Gerard Delanty. Senior LÄ›crurer in Sociology. U niversity of Liver . Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke,

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Inventing Europe: idea, identity, reality – Gerard Delanty – Google Books

After the Fourth Crusade ended with the pillage of Constantinople the empire inenting really recovered its former glory. In so far as I am aware no systematic and critical study has been written on the European idea as a totalising re-appropriation of forces that lie deep in European history. Chapter 9 is addressed to the implication of the collapse of the Cold War consensus for the idea of Europe.

By the twelfth century Christianity disappeared from the Maghreb. Even in the early Christian era to be a Christian was to be a Roman, not a European.

Many of the barbarian tribes, of which the most significant were the Franks, had been converted to Christianity and became the backbone of Christendom. An abiding discord remained between France, heir eugope the Roman tradition, and Germany, which was only in part Romanised and the focus of its leadership shifted progressively eastwards Cahnman, Just a moment while we sign you in to delabty Goodreads account.

Today, more than ever before, the discourse of Europe is taking on a strong- ly ideological character. Castoriadis has written abouTrfie function of the ‘imaginary’ in the constitution of society.

Only dwlanty the High Middle Ages c. Significantly, one of the first refer- ences to Europeans was the army with which the Frankish leader. The unity of Christendom was only a unity in the face of a common enemy. The war in Bosnia is another factor seriously undermining the prospect and possibility of a European identity.

The thirteenth century rcconquest of Spain consolidated these developments and by the early twelfth century the Mediterranean was once again, after some five centuries, recovered for Christian traders. It is important that these minimal conditions be separated from the idea of Europe. For many Europeans unity is a cherished goal only so long as it is unattainable; or, indeed, as a strategy toenhance social exclusion or to strength- en the power of the centre over the periphery. In the centuries after its foundation, Constantinople acquired an identity of its own when it became more oriental and in language more Greek than The Origins of the Idea of Europe 23 Latin.


Ft was in this context that the idea of Europe gained currency Leyser,pp. It was to this mystique of the West that Europe was subordinated. However, further advance in the Iberian penin- sula failed until the thirteenth century as a result of a renewal of the Arab power.

No trivia or quizzes yet. This suggests that Europe was not a highly differentiated concept. It has principally been the ideology of intellectuals and the political class.

Europe had not yet been ‘westernised’; nor, for that matter, had the East been ‘orientalised’.

During the Dark Ages, from the fourth to the ninth centuries, ‘Europe’ – by which of course we mean Christendom – was unable to assert itself against Islam. The devel- opment towards a European civilisation centred in the north-west was enhanced by the ascendancy of Charlemagne who styled himself the ‘father of Europe’ Fischer, p.

Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality

The point at issue is the manner in which a euroe ety imagines itself in time and space with reference to a cultural model. It serves as a substitute for the complexity inventinng modern society, which is characterised by differentiation and abstractness Luhmann. We find that the idea of Europe is becoming the driving force of 1 strategies of macro-political and economic engineering, and, above all, the j 1 substitution wurope a new goal, closely linked to eurppe neo-Iiberal political pro- gramme, for the traditional social democratic programme.

In the Latin West, in contrast, the pattern of cultural and political identity formation rested on a separation of slate and church. So the relative underdevelopment of the West was to its eventual long- term advantage.

An indictment of an entire civilisation, this celebrated work of the ‘Frankfurt School’ of critical theory poses the question of the very possibili- ty of a European identity in the wake of the Holocaust.

In the wake of the rise of Islam a new idea of Europe began to emerge whereby Europe came to refer to the north-western continent. I shall bring ‘Europe’ into focus as a cultural con- struction and argue that it cannot be regarded as a self-evident entity: In terms of argument, Delanty posits that ‘Europe’ as an idea was constructed through an othering of non-Europeans, such delant Jews or Russians.


Inventing Europe – Gerard Delanty – Google Books

It had surpassed its limits and was living on borrowed time into the second millennium; and the comparative backwardness of the The Westernisation of Europe 33 West was a sign of the transition to the feudal mode of production. But this was not to endure. When the Other is recognised as such, difference is positive, but when the Other is represented as a threatening stranger, difference is negative. If this is so, then a European identity, unless it is to be a contradiction in terms, could only be formed on the basis of intractable disunity and the democratic plu- ralism that this entails.

His current research interests are European cities, global politics and collective identity.

As the central and organising metaphor of a complex civilisation, inventint European idea expresses our culture’s struggle with its contradictions and conflicts. As a geographical entity Europe was a product of the break-up of the civilisation of the Mediterranean. The dominant ideas are never controlled by any single ruling elite and can be used to subvert power. The first wave of feudalism, from the fifth to the ninth century, had produced a static agrarian world.

From its origin as an Asiatic cult it became the imperial ideology of Rome and finally evolved to be the universal and legitimating myth of medieval Christendom under the aegis of the German Reich.

Yet while Virgil’s Aeneas symbolised the unity of Orient and Occident, he ultimately represented the superiority of the Occident. The notion of the Occident first referred to the eastern Mediterranean 2 1 Inventing Europe world and was not identical to the idea of Europe, which had less meaning as a cultural idea. The Islamic invasions furope with the barbarian and Persian invemting gave a sense of a European identity to Christendom which served as a bulwark against the non-Christian world.

Bede, in his Ecclesiastical History, suggests inventlng Britain is separate from Europe.