HUDOOD LAWS 1979 PDF

Offences Against Property (Enforcement of ‘Hudood’) Ordinance, (2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan. (3) It shall come into force on the. Pakistan’s notorious Hudood Ordinances were promulgated in by the military regime of General Ziaul Haq. The most controversial of. Hudood Ordinances refer to the legislation of penal laws in Pakistan entitled “ Enforcement of Hudood Ordinances VI, VII, VIII and IX” on 10 February

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The zina provisions of the law were particularly controversial [5] and critics alleged that there were “hundreds of incidents where a woman subjected to rape, or even gang rape, was eventually accused of zina ” and incarcerated. A number of international and Pakistani human rights organizations argue that Hudood Ordinance goes beyond what is required by sharia.

The introduction of these laws resulted in the offences of rape and adultery in the Pakistan Penal Code PPC to be repealed as they were substituted by these offences. The system provided for two kinds of offences — hadd and tazir — with different punishments to go with them. Human Rights Watch urges President General Pervez Musharraf and members of the National Assembly to implement the recommendation and reject the current proposed amendments.

Penetration is sufficient to constitute the sexual intercourse necessary to the offence of Zina. The husband then claims that sans the confirmation of divorce by the local authorities the marriage is not over and launches a zina prosecution. Stripes shall not be applied to “the head, face, stomach or chest or the delicate parts of the body of the convict,” and should not lacerate the skin of the convict.

December 18, News Release. Provided that, if the accused is a non-Muslim, the eye-witnesses may be non-Muslims. Updated December 30, Pressure on the press A government-controlled body to run the affairs of newspapers is not in sync with the modern concepts of rule.

Furthermore, in addition to other problems created by these laws, their judicial application also made it easier to get away with crimes against women such as honour killings and general degradation and humiliation of women in society.

Join our movement today. No punishment under sub-section 2 shall be executed until it has been confirmed by the Court to which an appeal from the order of conviction lies; and if the punishment be of whipping; until it is confirmed and executed, the convict shall be dealt with in the same manner as if sentenced to simple imprisonment.

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Human Rights Watch said that Pakistan should ensure that it complies with its obligations under the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, which calls on states to modify or abolish laws that discriminate against women. The Hudood Ordinances are fundamentally flawed and must be repealed in their entirety. Because the promulgation of the Zina Ordinance entailed the abolition of Pakistan’s statutory rape law, girls as young as twelve have been prosecuted for having extra-marital intercourse under circumstances that would previously have mandated statutory rape charges against their assailant.

No court of law can be in its right mind to award such a punishment. In the two and a half decades the law was unchanged, several Pakistani government appointed commissions recommended the Zina Ordinance’s repeal such as the National Commission for the Status of Women inthe Special Committee to Review the Hudood Ordinances,Commission of Inquiry for Women.

The political party landscape remains wracked with judicial complications and ongoing accountability pressures. Pakistan is once again at a critical juncture of political transition. Selling person for purposes of prostitution, etc.

For example, a person charged under the Hudood Ordinances will now be able to post bail. Please support us by taking a moment to turn off Adblock on Dawn.

Qazf does not require such strong evidence. Both offences of zina liable to hadd and fornication offences have been made cognisable only by a court, meaning that when a complaint is made of either offence, the police may not arrest the accused unless directed to do so by the court. The ordinances follow the classical mainly Hanafi jurisprudence doctrine. Application of certain provisions of Pakistan Penal Code, and amendment. Penetration is sufficient to constitute the sexual inter-course necessary to the offence of zina-bil-jabr.

Hudoos is guilty of Zina liable to hadd shall, subject to the provisions of this Ordinance, – a. However, las practice, these safeguards have not always worked. Yudood Nothing in this Ordinance shall be deemed to apply to the cases pending before any Court immediately before the commencement of this Ordinance, or to offences committed before such commencement.

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Pakistan: Proposed Reforms to Hudood Laws Fall Short

It is necessary to delete this definition [of a valid marriage] to huxood this door. Punishment for Zina or zina-bil-jabr where convit is not an adult. Whoever sells, lets to hire, or otherwise disposes 1799 any person with intent that such person shall at any time by employed or used for the purpose of prostitution or illicit intercourse with any person or for any unlawful and immoral purpose, or knowing it to be likely that such person will at any time be employed or used for any such purpose, shall be punished with imprisonment for life and with whipping not exceeding thirty stripes, and shall also be liable to fine.

December 22, News Release. Archived from the original on 29 December ICC punishes Mickey Arthur for showing ‘dissent’ after controversial decision. Both of these were later overturned by the Supreme Court. Provided that, in the case of zina-bil-jabr, if the offender is not under the age of fifteen years, the punishment of whipping shall be awarded with or without any other punishment. Most Viewed August 21, Dispatches.

Hudood Ordinances – Brill Reference

Kennedy states that “clearly the perception that Zia’s program significantly discriminated against women’s rights is fundamentally flawed”. Another scenario for some of the accusations of adultery leading to imprisonment was following divorce by the husband and remarriage by the ex-wife.

The reason for this is an extremely unjust propaganda which certain circles are busily spreading ever since the Hudood ordinance has been implemented. The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure,hereafter in this section referred to as the Code, shall apply, mutatis mutandis in respect of cases under this Ordinance: VII of or an offence of similar nature under any other law for the time being in force. December 24, Dispatches. Hadd offences fixed punishment require a higher standard of proof than tazir hudoo punishment and their punishments are more severe.

It specifies that whips shall be made laaws leather, or a cane or a branch of a tree, be no longer than 1.