GINGIVAL INDEX LOE AND SILNESS PDF

purpose has been the evaluation of gingival inflammation in children. Gingival Index (GI). The Gingival Index (Löe and Silness, ) was. Download scientific diagram | Gingival index of Loe and Silness from publication: Correlation of oral health of children with acute leukemia during the induction. Download scientific diagram | Gingival index (Loe and Silness ) from publication: A comparative evaluation of topical and intrasulcular application of.

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The reduced plaque and gingival indexes in these mothers may reflect an increased self-esteem, need for a better appearance and possibility of getting more information than those at home. National Center for Biotechnology Information gingigal, U. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Open in a separate window. In countries where high levels of caries reduction were achieved such in Denmark, three-quarters of the parents of 6 years old children answered that they believed children less than 10 years old need help from adults in toothbrushing Ooe 20 The aim of the present study was to assess the periodontal conditions in terms of plaque and gingival indexes and alveolar anx loss of mothers and children with mixed dentition.

Periodontal disease in pregnancy II.

Related Content ‘gingival index’ can also refer to The significant correlation for plaque index in molar region but not significant in the region of incisors may represent different abilities of plaque removal between mothers and children. This study aimed to compare the periodontal condition between plaque and gingival indexes in 30 pairs of mother and child with mixed dentition, as well as to correlate the findings with some of their social and oral hygiene habits.

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Gingival inflammation at deciduous and permanent teeth. It is therefore suggested that any study of periodontal disease should be based on fundamental criteria, such as bleeding or oedema, rather than on composite indices.

The mothers’ plaque indexes increased with age and decreased when they flossed everyday and when they had a job. Regardless almost all parents usually consider tooth brushing as important for oral health, only 11 mothers reported helping the children in their oral hygiene. Mothers inrex did silness present first molars and incisors were excluded from the study group.

Comparison of gingival index and sulcus bleeding index as indicators of periodontal status

Five to 7 days after the group 2 prophylaxis, all subjects were examined for GI. A lower total plaque index in the group of children was also demonstrated when their mother reported having a job. Furthermore, a hormonal influence is strongly suggested on the gingival inflammatory process concomitant to pre-puberty and puberty Parfitt 17; Peretz, et al.

Familial aggregation of periodontal indices. Although the severity of gingivitis is less intense in children than in adults Mackler and Crawford 12; Matsson and Goldberg 14, periodontitis may occur in children and adolescents Albandar, et al.

Plaque development and gingivitis in the primary dentition. From the statistical analyses Pearson correlation test, student test and Covariance analysisit was possible to conclude that there was a greater correlation between the plaque anx gingival indexes in the mothers’ group than in the children’s group. Information about medical and dental history of each subject was obtained during the anamnesis.

However, other factors such as hereditary immune response and behavioral factors including tooth cleaning habits xnd also contribute for the increased prevalence of periodontal disease in certain families.

June 21, – Accepted: Graphical analyses were used to profile examiner styles with respect to using the GI index. Prevalence in patient groups and distribution of biotypes and serotypes within families. Also, bone loss and plaque and gingival indexes in the children did not show any correlation.

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The Gingival Index, the Plaque Index and the Retention Index Systems.

Declared family income or the socioeconomic class did not influence the oral health of the groups, in contrast to the results found in other studies MacGregor, Baldin 11; Tan, et al. Although the gingival index and sulcus bleeding index have been widely used as indicators of periodontal status, there is los disagreement among investigators as to their meaning and significance. Growth and development considerations in the diagnosis of gingivitis and periodontitis in children.

The role of dental plaque as the primary etiologic agent in gingivitis has been demonstrated in classic studies of experimental gingivitis in adults Theilade, et al. Periodontitis will usually be present. PI 2 — Plaque covering between one- and two-thirds of the buccal tooth surface. CI 1 — Scattered calculus covering less sikness one-third of the buccal tooth surface. April 26, – Modification: Four surfaces per tooth buccal, lingual, mesial and distal were examined in every permanent and deciduous tooth except for third molars in the mothers group.

Although the social class was not homogeneous in the study group, it should be noticed that these subjects were seeking free treatment at the University. Support Center Support Center.

GINGIVAL INDEX LOE AND SILNESS PDF

purpose has been the evaluation of gingival inflammation in children. Gingival Index (GI). The Gingival Index (Löe and Silness, ) was. Download scientific diagram | Gingival index of Loe and Silness from publication: Correlation of oral health of children with acute leukemia during the induction. Download scientific diagram | Gingival index (Loe and Silness ) from publication: A comparative evaluation of topical and intrasulcular application of.

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Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Periodontal disease is one of the main causes ineex tooth loss. PI 3 — Plaque covering greater than two-thirds of the buccal tooth surface.

Familial aggregation of periodontal indices. The significant correlation for plaque index in molar region but not significant in the region of incisors may represent different abilities of plaque removal between mothers and children. In countries where high levels of caries reduction were achieved such in Denmark, three-quarters of the parents of 6 years old children answered that they believed children less than 10 years old need help from adults in toothbrushing Petersen 20 Although no clinically significant correlation in plaque or periodontal indexes between ineex and their children could be found, mothers awareness to oral health, represented by flossing and attention to child’s oral hygiene, was significantly correlated to children’s better oral health.

These findings are in agreement with Matsson and Goldberg 15 who reported less gingival inflammation in children than in adults in the presence of similar amounts of sliness accumulation, indicating a difference inded the pathogenic potential of dental plaque or in the host response.

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Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in human periodontal disease. Four surfaces per tooth buccal, ole, mesial and distal were examined in every permanent and deciduous tooth except for third molars in the mothers group. Relationship between oral gram negative anaerobic bacteria in saliva of mother and the colonization of her edentulous infant. Mothers who did not present first molars and incisors were excluded from the study group.

The aim of the present study was to assess the periodontal conditions in terms of plaque and gingival indexes and alveolar bone loss of mothers and children with mixed dentition. The variables that were associated to mother’s plaque index were mother’s age, frequency of flossing and the fact of having a job.

It is sjlness suggested that any study of gngival disease should be based on fundamental criteria, such as bleeding or oedema, rather than on composite indices. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol.

As expected, parents’ supervision improved the quality of tooth cleaning. Questionnaires answered by the mothers were used to collect information regarding the mother’s and the child’s habits of tooth hygiene and the mother’s job, instruction level and family income. Plaque Index in the children was correlated to variables such as mother’s frequency of flossing, mother’s support during child’s toothbrushing and mother’s having a job.

Services on Demand Journal. There were 4 distinct styles employed by these experienced clinicians. Only 3 subjects in the mothers group presented distances values higher than 5mm. Plaque and gingival indexes were calculated separately for every mother and child.

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Gingival index – Oxford Reference

Also, bone loss and plaque and gingival indexes in the children did not show any correlation. Other trademarks are property of their respective owners. Sign in via your Institution. Sign in to annotate. Significant correlations between plaque and gingival indexes were found in both groups.

In addition, preventive measures alone, aiming to control plaque accumulation, might not be effective in controlling destructive periodontal disease Albandar, et ajd.

Mother’s and child’s plaque and gingival indexes were recorded during clinical examination. The relationship between gingivitis and colonization by porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in children.

Comparison of gingival index and sulcus bleeding index as indicators of periodontal status

Correlation study of plaque and gingival indexes of mothers and their children. The reported behavior and social status were also correlated to clinical indexes in children, and the results are shown in Table 5.

Twelve experienced clinicians participated. Gingival inflammation at deciduous and permanent teeth. A Dutch study pointed out that a quarter of 12 years-old children were not supervised in gingivwl oral home care Petersen 20 Open in a separate window.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.