Keragaman Genetik Gandum (Triticum aestivum L) Hasil Persilangan Konvergen . Amin Nur, Karlina Syahruddin, Marcia B. Pabendon. Induksi Kalus dan Regenerasi Beberapa Genotipe Gandum (Triticum aestivum L. ) secara In Vitro. INDUKSI MUTASI DAN SELEKSI IN VITRO TANAMAN GANDUM (Triticum aestivum L.).

Author: Meztijar Masho
Country: Tajikistan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Education
Published (Last): 6 September 2012
Pages: 498
PDF File Size: 16.58 Mb
ePub File Size: 9.3 Mb
ISBN: 363-9-97206-768-2
Downloads: 99259
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Faegis


Modern wheat breeding developed in the first years of the twentieth century and was closely linked to the development of Mendelian genetics. How to cite item. Winter, P, and G, Kahl. Whereas, the best regeneration medium was shown by MS basal medium yandum combination of phytohormon 1. This page was last yandum on 30 Decemberat Cultivation and repeated harvesting and sowing of the gandu, of wild grasses led to the creation of domestic strains, as mutant forms ‘sports’ of wheat were preferentially chosen by farmers.

With the exception of Iraq ed-Dubb, the earliest carbon dated remains of domesticated emmer wheat were found in the earliest levels of Tell Aswadin the Damascus basin, near Mount Hermon in Syria. Regarding plant regeneration, Perdix was the most responsive genotype to be regenerated with regeneration frequency of R Zoran and F Jianming.

Moreover, the availability of large-scale genetic markers generated through NGS technology will facilitate trait mapping and make trihicum breeding much feasible. Keywords induced mutation; Triticum aestivum; EMS; in vitro selection; callus. User Username Password Remember me.

However, farming systems rely on much more than fertilizer and breeding to improve productivity. Retrieved August 10, However, other natural forms of wheat exist.

Wheat buyers use these to decide which wheat to buy, as each class has special uses, and producers use aestuvum to decide which classes of wheat will be most profitable to cultivate. Retrieved 7 December Some wheat species are diploidwith two sets of chromosomesbut many are stable polyploidswith four sets of chromosomes tetraploid or six hexaploid.


Wheat – Wikipedia

In Medieval England, farmers saved one-quarter of their wheat harvest as seed for the next crop, leaving only three-quarters for food and feed consumption. User Username Password Remember me. This more primitive morphology in evolutionary terms consists of toughened glumes qestivum tightly enclose the grains, and in domesticated wheats a semi-brittle rachis that breaks easily on threshing.

Significant values are highlighted in light Gray color and bold letters. In manufacturing wheat products, gluten is valuable to impart viscoelastic functional qualities in dough[54] enabling the preparation of diverse processed foods such as breads, noodles, and pasta that facilitate wheat consumption. Face view left and side view trticum and wheat ear at adstivum late milk.

More widely over the last 40 years, a massive increase in fertilizer use together with the increased availability of semi-dwarf varieties in developing countries, has greatly increased yields per hectare. In the past, there has been significant governmental intervention in wheat markets, such as price supports in the US and farm payments in rtiticum EU. Retrieved 27 May Stomata or leaf pores are involved in both uptake of carbon dioxide gas from the atmosphere and water vapor losses from the leaf due to water transpiration.

Food and Energy Security.

In recent years, low international wheat prices have often encouraged farmers in the United States to change to more profitable crops. Unti Sayang water absorption water stability.

United States Department of Agriculture: The major diseases in temperate environments include the following, arranged in a rough order of their gxndum from cooler to warmer climates: Introduction to plant breeding, Reinhold Publishing Corporation, California.


Retrieved 6 December Molecular approaches for designing heat tolerant wheat.

Perhaps the simplest of fruits are those of grasses all cereals such as corn and wheat The challenge of feeding 9 billion people”. In wild strains, a more fragile rachis allows the ear to easily shatter and disperse the spikelets. Hulled wheats are often stored as triticm because the toughened glumes give good protection against pests of stored grain.

Archived 15 June at the Wayback Machine. In the Punjab region of India and Pakistanas well as North China, irrigation has been a major contributor to increased grain output. Wheat normally needs between and days between sowing and harvest, depending upon climate, seed type, and soil conditions winter rriticum lies dormant during a winter freeze.

Basic physiological investigation of these gas exchange processes has yielded valuable carbon isotope based methods that are used for breeding wheat varieties with improved water-use efficiency. Wild grasses in the genus Triticum and aesyivum genera, and grasses such as rye have been a source of many disease-resistance traits for cultivated wheat breeding since the s.

Numerical taxonomy, Freeman, San Francisco.

International wheat production statistics. Plant breeding can be made more efficient by having fewer, better crosses. User Username Password Remember me. In tropical areas, spot blotch also known as Helminthosporium leaf blight is also important. This article is about the plant.