The Elephantine Papyri. Robert Hutto. Through the nineteenth century and into the beginning of the twentieth, a collection of papyri was found at and around a. The Elephantine papyri are written in Aramaic, the lingua franca of the Persian period from Asia Minor to Arabia and Upper. Egypt. In vocabulary, phraseology. One of the oldest collections of Jewish manuscripts, dating from the fifth century BCE, the Elephantine papyri were written by the Jewish community at.

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The triumph of Elohim: Drawn up thirty years after the preceding papyrus, this document is one of several that gradually transferred ownership of Ananiah and Tamut’s house to their daughter, Yehoishema, as payment on her dowry. Both Sanballat and Johanan are mentioned in the Book of Nehemiah2: The boundary description included here refers to the Temple of Yahou in Elephantine, now rebuilt eight years after its destruction in BCE during a civil war conflict that arose out of a land dispute.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Emergent Monotheism in Israel. Yahwehand his wife, Tamut, who was previously an Egyptian slave owned by a Jewish master, Meshullam.

Ancient marriage documents generally formalized already existing relationships. You may say in Egypt After lying in a warehouse for more than 50 elephantne, the papyri were shipped to the Egyptian Department of the Brooklyn Museum. This papyrus records the sale of the remaining portion of Ananiah and Tamut’s house to Yehoishema’s husband.

Elephantine Papyri – Ancient Near East

The Elephantine Papyri is the collective name commonly given to several archives of documents belonging to members of a Jewish garrison community which inhabited the island of Elephantine ancient Yebnear Aswan in Egypt, between and BCE.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Egyptian farmers discovered the archive of Ananiah e,ephantine Tamut on Elephatine Island inwhile digging for fertilizer in the remains of ancient mud-brick houses. There is evidence from excavations that the rebuilding and enlargement of the Khnum temple under Nectanebo II — took the place of the former temple of YHWH.

Image of document in gallery below.

Your email address will not be published. After making elephantinw repairs to the building, Ananiah transferred a further section of the house, described in this document, to the dowry. Possibly because the clients were dissatisfied with something the scribe had written, at one point the text of the document breaks off and then starts over again, repeating what has gone on before with some additions.

Oxford University Press, Further Elephantine papyri are at the Brooklyn Museum.

Elephantine papyri

The documents include letters and legal contracts from family and other archives, and are thus an invaluable source of knowledge for scholars of varied papyfi such as epistolographylaw, society, religion, language and onomastics. A very defective strip of papyrus with writing on both sides. Porten, Bezalel with J.

During the Persian Period in Egypt, it was not uncommon to sell children, or even oneself, into slavery to pay debts. An assortment of other texts including ostraka were therafter acquired by Greville Chester in the s, and by Charles Edwin Wilbour, W. Jewish Life in Ancient Egypt: Yahweh and the Gods and Goddesses of Canaan. A Family Archive elephantind the Nile Valley.

Elephantine Papyri

The property, in a town on Elephantine Island, named for the god Khnumwas located across the street from the Temple of Yahou and adjacent to the Persian family of Ubil’s Father. Anat-Yahu is described as either the wife [12] pwpyri paredra, sacred consort [13] of Yahweh or as a hypostatized aspect of Yahweh.


As with all property transfers within a family, this gift was described as made “in love”. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elephantine papyri.

Because Tamut was a slave when she married Ananiah, the contract has special conditions: Although Tamut thereafter owned the apartment, Ananiah required that at her death it pass to their children, Palti and Papgri. The renovation of the house and its gradual transfers to family members are the central concerns of the next several documents in Ananiah’s family archive. The Jews had their own temple to Yahweh [1] evincing polytheistic beliefs, which functioned alongside that of Khnum.

The “Petition to Bagoas” Sayce-Cowley collection is a letter written elephantibe BCE to Bagoasthe Persian governor of Judea, appealing for pqpyri in rebuilding the Jewish temple in Elephantine, which had recently been badly damaged by an antisemitic rampage on the part of a segment of the Elephantine community.

The community also appealed for aid to Sanballat Ia Samaritan potentate, and his sons Delaiah and Shelemiahas well as Elephantien ben Eliashib. The discovery of the Brooklyn papyri is a remarkable story itself.

Booklyn Museum of Art. To] my brethren Yedoniah and the Jewish garrison, your brother Hanani[ah].