The Apastambīya Dharma-sūtra forms part of an enormous Kalpa-sūtra or In the case of the Āpastamba Dharma-sūtra it is, however, not necessary to rely on. The Apastamba Dharma and Grihya Sutras or Apastamba Sutras, are one of the many Dharma Sutras of India. They were followed mostly in South India. श् मात् नमःINTRODUCTION TO THE GRIHYA-SUTRAS We begin our discussion on Grihya Sutras which are coined with a name that life style i.

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Also a person who has become an ascetic without being authorized thereto by the rules of the law31 Apasgamba is, however, difficult to say how great the distance between the two really is.

Introduction to the Apastamba Sutras

A Vaisya, adding the word ‘Lady’ at the end of the formula. He shall avoid to touch a Guru with his fingerto whisper into his earto laugh into his faceto call out to him, to pronounce his name or to give him orders ustra the like acts But after sunset he must not void excrements outside the village or far from his house.

Baudhayanins or Bodhayanins, 3. If some of his fellow-students are on a journey, he shall not study wpastamba that day, the passage which they learn together. The rules, which seemingly enjoin ssutra pupil to stay with one and the same teacher, refer only to the principle, that the pupil must stay with his teacher, until he has learnt the subject which he began with him.

These items are permitted to householders but forbidden to students. Let him initiate a person desirous of excellence in sacred learning in his seventh year, And at sacrifices the orders given to the priests are headed by this word.

If a person’ s father and grandfather have not been initiated and have not studied the Veda then they are demoted to the level of Sudras. He shall do what is serviceable to his teacher, he shall not contradict him. He who has unjustly forsaken his wife shall put on an ass’s skin, with the hair turned outside, and beg in seven houses, saying, ‘Give alms to him who forsook his wife. Some declare, that [one ought to avoid only, to study] in the same house [where they dwell].


And [he shall salute in a similar manner] before the morning meal also other very aged [learned Brahmanas] who may live in the same village.

Nor whilst sitting on a tree, 16 But others forbid also this. Or less by half i.

The Apastamba Sutras – Prasna I

He shall not disobey from fear of the unseemliness of the action. In his commentary on Gautama, also, Haradatta is in doubt. He shall not place fuel on the fire, without having sprinkled it [with water].

This formal salutation is to be performed only when the occasion requires it. The existence of this tradition, which to the present day prevails among the learned Brahmans of Western India and Benares, may be substantiated by a passage from the above-mentioned commentary of the Karanavyuha ,which, though written in barbarous Sanskrit, and of quite modern origin, possesses great interest, because its description of the geographical distribution of the Vedas and Vedic schools is not mentioned elsewhere.

Regarding the meaning of “ksara” — ‘pungent condiments,’ see Haradatta on 2: Because the word “death” is used here, death only is the reason [for stopping the study], in the case of Gurus and the rest [ie.

He shall retire to rest after having received the teacher’s permission.

Twelve years should be the shortest time for his residence with his teacher. The skin of a sheep is fit to be worn by all castes, 8.

As regards the former, he mentions it by its ancient name, Nyaya, which in later times and at present is usually applied to the doctrine of Gautama Aksapada. During which century precisely that conquest took place, cannot be determined for the present.


This site uses cookies. He shall avoid to touch a Guru with his fingerto whisper into his earto laugh into his faceto call out to him, to pronounce his name or to give him orders and the like acts 15 Some declare, that the deceased Srotriya must have been a fellow-student.


For pleasure is obtained [by using or eating forbidden substances]. I, 19, 11; Weber, Ind. Srivaishnavas and Smarta recite: If the proper time for the initiation has passed, one shall observe the duties of a student for a period of two months, as observed by those who are studying the three Vedas.

Further he mentions, that some prescribe this Vaisvadeva to be performed even if one has nothing to eat.

The eyes are to be touched with the thumb and the fourth finger, either at once, or one after the other, the nostrils with the thumb and the second finger, the ears with the thumb and the small finger. That student who, attending to two [teachers], accuses his [principal and first] teacher of ignorance, remains no [longer] a student. The same rule applies, if he is seated on grass or wood fixed in the ground. But if a wife forsakes her husband, she shall perform the twelve-night Krikkhra penance for as long a time.

Who then are those whose food may be eaten? There is yet another point on which Apastamba shows a remarkable agreement with a theory which is prevalent in later Sanskrit literature. Such as pungent condiments, salt, honey, or meat [and the like]. See Taittiriya Aranyaka 2: