Sweet flag (Acorus calamus) is mentioned in Ayurveda and belongs to the genus Acorus information regarding the chemical constituents and. Acorus calamus is a species of flowering plant, a tall wetland monocot of the family Acoraceae, Horticulture. 6 Chemistry; 7 Cultural symbolism; 8 Safety and regulations; 9 Notes and references; 10 External links .. (). “Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L. from the lower region of the Himalayas”. Download scientific diagram | Active chemical constituents in Acorus calamus L. Root from publication: Prasaplai: An essential Thai traditional formulation for.

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A number of synonyms are known, but a number are contested as to which variety they belong. Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L.

A cortatarins-A has potential of inhibiting reactive oxygen species production in high-glucose-stimulated mesangial cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner Tong et al.

[Chemical constituents of Acorus calamus].

Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. Thompson only analyses North American forms of the diploid variety in her treatment, and does not analyse the morphology of Asian forms of the diploid variety.

Their synthesis, however, is triggered by the pathogenesis. Absinthiana George Rowley Jean Lanfray.

Beside protective roles of A. Retrieved 9 July Protective effect of ethyl acetate and m ethanolic extract of A. Blood pressure-lowering and vascular modulator effects of Acorus calamus extract are mediated through multiple pathways.

She notes that many of these characteristics overlap, but that in general the triploid constiturnts somewhat larger and more robust on average than most North American forms of the diploid. Protective roles of Acorus spp.

Protection of cultured rat cortical neurons from excitotoxicity by asarone, a major essential oil component in the rhizomes of Acorus gramineus.

It was introduced into Western Europe and North America for medicinal purposes. In Penobscot homes, pieces of the dried root were strung together and hung up for preservation. A muskrat spirit came to a man in a dream, telling him that he the muskrat was a root and where to find him. The spadix is densely crowded with tiny greenish-yellow flowers. Aromatic oils obtained by alcoholic extraction of the rhizome are used in the pharmaceutical and oenological industries Du et al.


These substances tend to destroy some chlorophyll-A molecules thereby inhibit photosynthesis in algae. Each flower contains six petals and stamens enclosed in a perianth with six divisions, surrounding a three-celled, oblong ovary with a sessile stigma. The essence from the rhizome is used as a flavor for pipe tobacco. Acorus calamus also called sweet flag or calamusamong many common names [2] is a species of flowering planta tall wetland monocot of the family Acoraceaein the genus Acorus.

Furthermore, the excitotoxicity induced by glutamate has also been inhibited, but with much less potency than the toxicity induced by NMDA Cho et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of a water extract of Acorus calamus L.

Antimicrobial activity of Acorus calamus L. Views Read Edit View history. Results of the study have shown that leaf and rhizome extract demonstrated marked antifungal activity but no antimicrobial activity observed except against Escherichia coli Devi acorks Ganjewala, Effect of sweet flag rhizome oil Acorus calamus on hemogram and ultrastructure of hemocytes of the tobacco armyworm, Spodoptera litura Lepidoptera: Follicular regression in Trogoderma granarium due to sterilizing vapours of Acorus calamus L.

Deepak Ganjewala and Ashwani Kumar Srivastava. The haem peroxidase of A. A number of reports published have documented many new useful bioactivities of Acorus spp.

[Chemical constituents of Acorus calamus].

It is widely used in traditional folk medicine of America and Indonesia for gastrointestinal disorders such as, colic pain, diarrhea and the radix in the therapy of diabetes Gilani et al. The flowers are sweetly fragrant.

Antifungal properties of Haem peroxidase from Acorus calamus. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Treatment of wound in male and female rats induced by an excision and incision with ethanolic extract has been found to be promising for healing. Further, Lee has studied the fungicidal property of hexane extract of A. Archived from the original on 25 August Later, this enzyme was isolated and purified from the leaf epidermal cells and lumen tissues of xylem.


It was thought to prevent excitement and fear when facing an enemy. Induction of sterility in male house flies by vapours of Acorus calamus L.

Of course it is due to these bioactive properties pharmacological and medicinal significance of Acorus species is gradually increasing. In Europe Acorus calamus was often added to wine, and the root is also one of the possible ingredients of absinthe. Also, for the first time bioactive potential of Acorus species as wound healingmitogenic, insecticidal, anthelmintic, allelopathic, antiepileptic, antispasmodic and inhibitor ofacetylcholinesterase have been realized.

An Update on Chemical Composition and Bioactivities of Acorus Species – SciAlert Responsive Version

A semi-erect spadix emerges from one side of the flower stem. Several research groups have chemica antioxidant potential of plants of Acosrus spp. A covering spathe, as is usual with Acoraceae, is absent.

A number of active constituents from leaves, rhizomes and essential oils of Acorus spp. The protective effects of Acorus chemicao. Flavour and Fragrance Journal. Acorus calamus rhizome extract prepared with ethanol: In Britain the plant was cut for use as a sweet smelling floor covering for the packed earth floors of dwellings and churches, and stacks of rushes have been used as the centrepiece of rushbearing ceremonies for many hundreds of years.

The radioprotective effects were evaluated by measuring the degree of lipid peroxidation caused using thiobarbit uric acid reacting substances.