Sweet flag (Acorus calamus) is mentioned in Ayurveda and belongs to the genus Acorus information regarding the chemical constituents and. Acorus calamus is a species of flowering plant, a tall wetland monocot of the family Acoraceae, Horticulture. 6 Chemistry; 7 Cultural symbolism; 8 Safety and regulations; 9 Notes and references; 10 External links .. (). “Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L. from the lower region of the Himalayas”. Download scientific diagram | Active chemical constituents in Acorus calamus L. Root from publication: Prasaplai: An essential Thai traditional formulation for.

Author: Sagal Kagazshura
Country: Mayotte
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Automotive
Published (Last): 9 November 2007
Pages: 304
PDF File Size: 4.15 Mb
ePub File Size: 10.52 Mb
ISBN: 989-1-14218-447-8
Downloads: 4833
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Vorg

Thus the Herbarius zu Teutschpublished at Mainz indescribes and includes a woodcut of this iris under the name Acorus. The spadix is densely crowded with tiny greenish-yellow flowers. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences Volume 10 3: Habitats include edges of small lakes, ponds and rivers, chemkcal, swamps, and wetlands.

[Chemical constituents of Acorus calamus].

Although probably not native to Egypt, this plant was already mentioned in the Chester Beatty papyrus VI dating to approximately BC. Also, both extracts prevents convulsion-related GABAergic neuron damage in the brain in the prolonged pentylenetetrazol kindling model Liao et al. constituentts

Acta Biologica Szegediensis, The list of important bioactivities of the Acorus spp. The solid, triangular flower-stems rise from the axils of the outer leaves. It is furthermore also cytotypically diverse, with an array of different karyotypes.

Anti-inflammatory properties of many plants species have been known for a long time. The study in vitro carried out has shown that extract of A.

Thus, this property of A. Retrieved 5 January It has been used medicinally for a wide variety of ailments, and its aroma makes calamus essential oil valued in the perfume industry.


The leaves are erect yellowish-green, radical, with pink sheathing at their bases, sword-shaped, flat and constituwnts, tapering into a long, acute point, and have parallel veins.

Chemicxl the Penobscot people this was a very important root. It consists of tufts of basal leaves that rise from a spreading rhizome. Inhibitory effects of dry Acorus calamus extracts on the growth of two water bloom-forming algal species. Effect of Acorus zcorus L.

A study has shown beneficial effects of A. Aromatic oils obtained by alcoholic extraction of the rhizome are used in the pharmaceutical and oenological industries Du et al. Later, this enzyme was isolated and purified from the leaf epidermal cells and lumen tissues of xylem. By at least true Acorus calamus was grown in Britain, as it is listed in The Cataloguea list of plants John Gerard grew in his garden at Holborn. International Rice Research Notes. Several studies and reviews have documented chemical composition s of Accorus spp.

Commercial asarones as well as those isolated from A. The diploid strains of A.

Of the 28 compounds identified three were new sesquiterpenes 1 beta, 7 alpha H -cadinane-4 alpha, 6 alpha, 10 alpha-triol, hcemical alpha, 5 beta-guaiane alpha-O-ethyl-4 beta, 6 beta-diol and 6 beta, 7 beta H -cadinane-1 alpha, 4 alpha, 10 alpha-triol Dong et al. Retrieved from ” https: Communication – constituents of essential oil”. Anti-microbial properties of A. Acorus calamus Plant List: Two research groups have documented allelopathic activities of A. Even in Asia, it fruits sparingly, and propagates itself mainly by growth of its rhizome, forming colonies.

Several research groups have evaluated antioxidant potential of plants of Acosrus spp. This section does not cite any sources.


Protective roles of Acorus spp. Blood pressure-lowering and vascular modulator effects of Acorus calamus extract are mediated through multiple pathways. The leaves have smooth edges, which can be wavy or crimped.

An Update on Chemical Composition and Bioactivities of Acorus Species – SciAlert Responsive Version

It is also used condtituents bitters. The fruit is a berry filled with mucus, which when ripe falls into the water and thus disperses. A study by Mehrotra et al. Retrieved 13 December Royal Botanic Gardens, Constituuents ; ; http: Further, Lee has studied the fungicidal property of hexane extract of A. In this section we have discussed several important but less studied bioactivities of Acorus species. Antimicrobial and fungicidal properties: In the poems the calamus is used as a symbol of love, lust, and affection.

The fact that the plants and their products may be implicated in alleviating diseases via modulation of immune response s has directed researchers for screening of plants for anti-inflammatory properties. A number of synonyms are known, but a number are contested as to which variety they belong.

Also, for the first time bioactive potential of Acorus species as wound healingmitogenic, insecticidal, anthelmintic, allelopathic, antiepileptic, antispasmodic and inhibitor ofacetylcholinesterase have been realized.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Antimicrobial activities of the crude methanol extract of Acorus calamus Linn.

Many previous studies have reported chemical composition s and bioactivities of A. A Handbook for Practice on a Scientific Basis 3rd ed.